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    Tradition Witnessing the Modern Age

    by Mehmet Enes Ergene
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    • HARDCOVER : 2012-12-12 • 260 Pages • 6 x 9 inches inches • ISBN 9781597841283
    • CATEGORIES Interfaith Dialogue, Backlist, Forthcoming
    • PRICE : $19.95
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    DESCRIPTION

    Addressing the sociological, cultural, and religious aspects of the Gulen movement, this insider's look also explores the failure experienced by many other Islamic movements that attempted to combine traditional values with the modern world. The influence Fethullah Gulen has had on secularist Turkey is also examined.

    TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction ...............................................................................................vii

    Chapter One: M. Fethullah Gülen and His Mission ....................... 1
    The cultural foundations of tolerance and dialogue ................................ 3
    Who is M. Fet hul lah Gü len? .................................................................. 6
    The oratory tradition ........................................................................... 10
    First steps toward dialogue and reconciliation ..................................... 14
    The Journalists and Writers Foundation .............................................. 15
    The Gülen movement and Islam .......................................................... 16
    Is the Gülen movement a religious order? .......................................... 18
    The Gülen movement, dialogue, and tolerance .................................... 19

    Chapter Two: Sociological Perspective ............................................ 23
    The concept of community and formation of communities ................ 25
    Community formation: Identity crisis and threat ................................ 27
    The concept of identity crisis .............................................................. 29
    Political Islam or the concept of Islamism .......................................... 32
    A movement that produces its own values .......................................... 40
    The emphasis on the Age of Happiness .............................................. 42
    Inner dynamics .................................................................................... 43
    Community and socialization ............................................................. 45
    The Gülen movement as a catalyst ....................................................... 47

    Chapter Three: Cultural Perspective ................................................. 49
    Basic characteristics of the Western science and thought ...................... 51
    a. Rationalism and objectivity—the universalistic dimension .............. 53
    b. Positivism and progress .................................................................. 55
    c. Politics and ideology—science, power, and state ............................ 58
    d. Religion and metaphysics ............................................................... 60
    Gülen’s views on the Western science and thought .............................. 63
    a. The relationship between science and determinism ........................ 71
    b. Religion, science, and ideology ...................................................... 73
    c. Reason, science, and culture ........................................................... 77
    d. Revelation, reason, and experience ................................................. 80
    The basis of dialogue and tolerance in Gülen’s world ........................... 84
    a. The synthesis of Islam and the Turkish approach ........................... 84
    b. Human being, religion, and action ................................................. 88
    c. The Journalists and Writers Foundation and the Abant Platform ...........92
    d. Dialogue, tolerance, and modernity ............................................... 94
    Education in general ............................................................................ 96
    a. Revival in the spirit and in the essence ........................................... 96
    b. Revivification in history and future .............................................. 102
    c. Renewal, revival, and renaissance ................................................. 106
    d. History in Gülen’s thought .......................................................... 113
    Education and schooling .................................................................... 115
    a. The madrasa (religious school) vs. the maktab (secular school).............115
    b. The madrasa and change .............................................................. 119
    c. Gülen from madrasa to “college”.................................................. 120
    The contribution to the Turkish education system ............................. 124
    The colleges and dialogue between civilizations ................................. 129
    Teachers of wisdom, knowledge of God, and dialogue ...................... 131

    Chapter Four: Religious Perspective .............................................. 143
    Islamic origins of community ............................................................ 145
    Gülen’s perception of community ..................................................... 149
    The spiritual life in Islam ................................................................... 153
    a. Sufism, spiritual orders, and community ...................................... 153
    b. Sufism in Gülen’s thought ............................................................ 158
    Community and the concept of “collective personality” ..................... 162
    Basic dynamics of the Movement ....................................................... 167
    a. Magnanimity ................................................................................ 170
    b. Communicating the word of God (call, conveyance,
    and guidance) .............................................................................. 171
    c. Living for others .......................................................................... 171
    d. The spirit of devotion .................................................................. 175
    e. Sacrifice, fidelity, and loyalty ....................................................... 179
    f. Representing and communicating the faith .................................. 181
    Concluding remarks ................................................................................ 187

    Notes ...................................................................................................... 189
    Bibliography ............................................................................................ 199
    Index ....................................................................................................... 203
    ABOUT AUTHOR
    Mehmet Enes Ergene
    Mehmet Enes Ergene

    Mehmet Enes Ergene is an expert on Islamic jurisprudence, Sufism, and the Gulen Movement. He is a staff writer for Academic Research Foundation in Istanbul.