• See all images (-1)

Aisha: The Wife, the Companion, the Scholar

by Resit Haylamaz
READ ON
  • PAPERBACK : 2012-05-16 • 224 Pages • 6x9 inches inches • ISBN 9781597842662
  • CATEGORIES Interfaith Dialogue, Backlist, Forthcoming
  • PRICE : $15.95
  • Buy This Book
DESCRIPTION

This study by Dr. Resit Haylamaz, an expert on the life of the Prophet and his leading Companions, reflects her life in various aspects based on reliable reports. The book clarifies her critical role at establishing the Islamic teaching, with particular reference to her role in the transmission of private matters concerning women and marital relations, as well as recording the authentic sayings of the Prophet. As her sensitivity at practicing religion is related in a rich variety of examples, much disputed issues like her marriage age and her stance about Ali ibn Abu Talib are covered as separate topics.

INTRODUCTION

First ten pages (click to see)


PREFACE

Khadija and Aisha had a special position among the wives of
God’s Messenger; while the former was like the royal vizier
in Mecca for fifteen years before the revelation, the latter fulfilled
the same duty during the Medina years and later on. When they
are considered in terms of the mission that they performed, each of
them had the proper qualifications. God Almighty provided the Messenger
of God with a strong character: in Mecca where belief, self-sacrifice
and bravery were so necessary, He gave him Khadija; in Medina
where the requirements of knowledge, intelligence and reasoning were
felt, He bestowed him Aisha.

Certainly, Khadija was the sturdiest woman of Mecca. She provided
unyielding support to God’s Messenger during the hardest days
when troubles were at peak, during his days of suffering when there
were problems and disasters one after the other. When he began to call
people to Islam, she was his greatest supporter, both materially and
spiritually. Khadija was the first Muslim; believing in God’s Messenger
at a vital moment when he needed her most meant a special place at
the side of God and His Messenger.

Aisha’s place was different; she was a special vizier to the Messenger
of God after the hijrah to Medina, when it was necessary to render
service to religion. Aisha, with a bright, inquisitive mind and a quick
wit, distinguished herself in the Prophet’s house. God Almighty
bestowed her with extraordinary brilliance. She had a questioning
nature, and did not blindly accept what she heard.She was critical of
everything she heard, according to the criteria of the Qur’an and
behavior of the Prophet (the Sunna). Her ear was on the alert for revelation
and her eyes were on the result. Aisha was like a bridge between
the time of the Prophet and the future of Islam.

Aisha: the Wife, the Companion, the Scholar
Aisha represented the vitality of revelation during the half-century
after the death of God’s Messenger, and did not deprive her students
of the light of Prophethood. Like a meeting point for travelers from
different directions, her place was by the Four Rightful Caliphs. When
possible controversies arose, Aisha was a kind arbitrator. For mistakes
on religious issues that emerged, she was a dignified corrector, and a
decisive and patient example of the straight path of Islam.

Wherever she went, that place would come to life. People who
entered into her ambience felt that they became colored with the light
of revelation and returned in excitement and vividity, almost as if they
had visited the Messenger of God. There was no one who came to her
with a question but was unable to get an answer for it. She concluded
nearly every matter with revelation, and found solutions to others’
problems directly from the Qur’an and the Sunna. In other matters,
she evaluated, compared and interpreted based on her own vast knowledge
of the religion.

Aisha was the mother of all believers.Among the things that
passed onto us from her, there was certain information that would
normally remain private between spouses. Out of necessity, she
appeared to convey details of the religion. Many matters would have
remained unknown to us if she had not existed. Behind closed doors
she asked the most intimate questions to God’s Messenger, as if she
was throwing a life ring to us. Aisha is reinviting people of conscience
to the Straight Path of Islam. Hoping that this book in your hands,
like an invitation, will be the means for good deeds…

TABLE OF CONTENTS Contents
Preface .......................................................................................................... vii
Betrothal ........................................................................................................1
Mecca Memoirs ..............................................................................................2
The Marriage Offer .........................................................................................2
First Stop .......................................................................................................3
Second Address ..............................................................................................4
The Advice Given to Umm Ruman ................................................................5
The Holy Migration .......................................................................................5
Hijrah .............................................................................................................8
The Medina Pestilence ..................................................................................10
The Marriage ................................................................................................12
Her Father’s Attitude after the Wedding .......................................................15
The Physical Conditions of Aisha’s House ....................................................16
Enduring Austerity .......................................................................................22
Women’s Representative ..............................................................................24
Her Love for the Messenger of God .............................................................36
The Prophet’s Love.......................................................................................42
The Real Reason for This Love ....................................................................47
Aisha Inside the Home .................................................................................50
Entertainment ...............................................................................................58
Competition .................................................................................................59
Request for a New Name ............................................................................60
Sensitivity .....................................................................................................62
Her Worship ................................................................................................63
Her Asceticism and Humility ........................................................................68
Her Generosity .............................................................................................75
Her Attention to Hijab .......................................................................................78
Guiding Others and Conveying the Message .................................................81
Aisha’s Attendance to Military Campaigns ....................................................82
Performing Ablution with Sand or Earth ......................................................83
The Slander ..................................................................................................85
The Sickness of Aisha ...................................................................................90
vi Aisha: the Wife, the Companion, the Scholar
The Companions’ Reaction and Belief ..........................................................92
The Good News ...........................................................................................96
The Wives of God’s Messenger and Aisha ...................................................100
Khadija ..................................................................................................101
Other Wives of God’s Messenger ............................................................104
Aisha’s Status .........................................................................................105
The Prohibition (Tahrim) ...........................................................................115
Aisha and Fatima .......................................................................................117
The Last Days with the Messenger of God ..................................................120
The Era of the Four Rightly Guided Caliphs and Muawiya .........................127
The Caliphate of Abu Bakr .........................................................................129
The Caliphate of Umar ..............................................................................133
The Caliphate of Uthman ..........................................................................137
The Caliphate of Ali ...................................................................................143
Muslims’ Test with Their Brothers: the Battle of the Camel ........................146
The Caliphate of Muawiya ..........................................................................155
Aisha and Knowledge .................................................................................161
Aisha was the Source of Knowledge for Everyone ..................................161
Aisha and Transmission of Knowledge ...................................................165
Interpretation (Tafsir) ............................................................................168
Hadith ...................................................................................................171
Fiqh: Muslim Canonical Jurisprudence ....................................................176
Islamic Theology (Kalam) ......................................................................179
Aisha’s Literary Skills .............................................................................181
Poetry and Oratory ................................................................................184
Medicine ................................................................................................189
Her Students ..........................................................................................190
Urwa Ibn Zubayr ...............................................................................193
Qasim Ibn Muhammad ......................................................................195
Amra Bint Abdurrahman ...................................................................197
Muaza al-Adawiyah ............................................................................199
At What Age did Aisha Marry the Prophet? ...........................................200
Ali and Aisha..........................................................................................210
Bibliography ...............................................................................................217
ReviewWritten with nothing but respect, Dr.Haylamaz's study of Aisha's life allows readers to travel through time and visit the messenger of Allah and his noble seerah through the story of his wife. The reader will learn something new from the details insha'Allah... and will leave this book with the utmost respect and awefor this very important Mother of the Believers.

W.B.Abdullah
Azizah Magazine
Volume 7, Issue 4(2014)

Aisha bint Abi Bakr remains one of the most compelling figures in Islamic history. Not only was she one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), but her contributions to Islamic scholarship and her influence on the foundation of the first Islamic state cannot be overstated. In a new book titled Aisha: The Wife, the Companion, the Scholar, author Resit Haylamaz takes a closer look at the life of this fascinating woman.

When questioned about why he thought Aisha was a compelling enough figure to write about, Haylamaz said, “Aisha has a historically critical role in the transmission of Prophet’s knowledge and practice to the Muslim world. She is perhaps one of the most important links or bridges between the Prophet (pbuh) and the Muslims. Her place in the history of Islam is vital particularly with regard to the way Islam addressed the issue of women in the society. The Prophet showed through Aisha how Islam raised woman and made her equal partner to the message of God. During her life with the Prophet, Aisha was like the representative, or the deputy, of women before the Prophet. In other words, she was directly instrumental to the embodiment of the message of the Qur’an the Prophet in the real life.”

Indeed, Aisha is often held up as evidence of Islam’s progressive stance on women’s rights by today’s Muslim feminists. Far from embodying the popular ‘oppressed Muslim woman’ trope found in contemporary dialogue, Islamic scholars have thoroughly documented Aisha’s dedication to rights of education for women and girls, and her powerful influence on Islamic jurisprudence through authentic hadith and historical accounts.

Perhaps the most enjoyable aspect of this book, however, was the manner in which it has been written. Obviously the stories of Aisha’s life are all derived from hadith. However, Haylamaz has retold these stories in a narrative style making it more like reading a story than reading scholarly exegesis. Muslims of all ages will enjoy reading the book in both formal and informal settings and will appreciate the artful storytelling that makes it entertaining, as well as educational.

Non-Muslims will also find this an accessible path to learning about one of the Sahabah, especially one who has been maligned and misrepresented in so many ways. Haylamaz does not shy away from any of the controversy and even addresses the age of Aisha, which his research reveals to be older than that claimed by some of the most extreme scholarly interpretations (as well as by religious critics).

Haylamaz also believes that “non-Muslims will see in Aisha a real life example of the way Islam handled the subject of woman at the time and for the centuries to come. They would be impressed with her intelligence, her relation with the Prophet and love of the Prophet, how she as a woman educated and inspired many scholars to come. When the conditions of the time considered, Aisha’s life provides a very strong and compelling example to how Islam empowered women.”

While there is certainly no end to authentic hadith and scholarly works about her life, Aisha: The Wife, the Companion, the Scholar sets itself apart by bringing the stories about Aisha to contemporary audiences, particularly those with little or no background knowledge of her life and work.

Amanda Quraishi
Writer, interfaith activist and technology professional living in Austin, Texas
November 11, 2014
www.Patheos.com

ABOUT AUTHOR
Resit Haylamaz
Resit Haylamaz

Dr. Haylamaz is the editor-in-chief of Kaynak Publishing Group in Istanbul. He has many publications on the lives of Prophet Muhammad and His leading Companions. His Gonul Tahtimizin Essiz Sultani Efendimiz is the best-selling biography of Prophet Muhammad in his native Turkish.