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    A History of the Methodology of Qur’anic Exegeses

    by Recep Dogan
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    • PAPERBACK : 2015-08-15 • 312 Pages • 6 x 9 inches inches • ISBN 9781597843805
    • CATEGORIES Interfaith Dialogue, Backlist, Forthcoming
    • PRICE : $0.00
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    DESCRIPTION

    The Qur’an, the primary source of knowledge for all Muslims, contains universal principles. This Holy Book has been interpreted numerous times by scholars since its revelation. Despite being a single text, just 300 pages long, the rich content of the Qur’an has afforded multiple types of exegesis, each of them different according to the capacity of the scholar, the conditions of the time, and the mentality behind the approach. Great linguists tried to interpret the Qur’an by following the guidelines of Arabic grammar while Kalam scholars aimed to establish the sound pillars of Islamic theology with their Qur’anic exegeses. Since the revelation of the Qur’an, which took place over a period of twenty-three years, some scholars produced thematic Tafsir books to enable an easy comprehension of the Divine messages by laymen. In order to draw attention to the fact that Islam is not just set of rules or acts to perform, but a holistic religion which combines both the spirit and body, Sufi masters produced many Sufi Tafsir books. In the modern age, scholars have tried to interpret the Qur’an pragmatically and in harmony with modern sciences. In this book, Dogan aims to show the different approaches in Qur’anic exegesis and elaborate each method with examples.

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Contents

    Preface

    Chapter 1:Introduction to the History of Qur’anic Exegeses

    Introduction
    Concepts of the Exegesis; Tafsīr, Ta’wil and Tarjama
    Conditions for the Interpretation of the Qur’ān
    Primary Sources of Tafsīr
    1..The Qur’ān
    2..Sunnah
    Examples from the Tafsīr of the Prophet (pbuh)
    The Secondary Sources in Tafsīr
    1. Tafsīr by the Companions
    Examples from the Tafsīr of the Companions
    2. Tafsīr by the Successors (Tabi’in)

    Chapter 2:Riwāyah Tafsīr (Tradition-Based)

    Introduction
    Tabarī and His Methodology in Tafsīr
    His Life
    His Teachers and Students
    His Books
    His Tafsīr
    Surah Fatiha (The Opening)
    Tafsīr

    Chapter 3:Riwāyah Tafsīr, Ibn Kathīr and His Tafsīr

    Introduction
    Ibn Kathīr and His Methodology in Tafsīr
    His Life and Education
    His Books
    His Methodology in Tafsīr
    Surah al-Fīl (The Elephant)
    Tafsīr

    Chapter 4: Dirāyah Tafsīr (Reason-Based Exegesis)

    Introduction
    Fakhr al-Dīn Rāzī and His Tafsīr
    His Life and Education
    His Tafsīr
    Surah Quraysh
    Tafsīr

    Chapter 5: Dirāyah (Reason-Based) Tafsīr, Qādi Baydāwī and His Tafsīr

    Introduction
    Qādi Baydawī and His Tafsīr
    His Life
    His Books
    His Tafsīr
    Surah Mā’un (Assistance)
    Tafsīr

    Chapter 6:Linguistic Tafsīr, al-Farrā and Ma’an al-Qur’an

    Introduction
    Al-Farrā and His Tafsīr Ma’an al-Qur’an
    His Life
    His Tafsīr
    Surah Kawthar (Abundant Good)
    Tafsīr

    Chapter 7:Theological Tafsīr, Imam Māturidī and Ta’wilāt

    Introduction
    Imam Māturidī and His Tafsīr
    His Life
    His Tafsīr, Ta’wilāt al-Qur’ān
    A History of the Methodology of Qur’anic Exegeses
    Surah Ikhlas (Purity of Faith)
    Tafsīr

    Chapter 8: Theological Tafsīr, Zamakhsharī and His Tafsīr

    Introduction
    Zamakhsharī and His Tafsīr
    His Life and Education
    His Books
    His Tafsīr
    Surah Kafirun (The Unbelievers)
    Tafsīr

    Chapter 9: Juristic Tafsīr, Jassās and His Tafsīr

    Introduction
    Jassās and His Tafsīr
    His Life and Education
    His Methodology in Tafsīr
    Basmala
    Tafsīr
    The meaning of the pronoun in basmala
    If basmala is from the Qur’ān
    If basmala is a verse of Surah Fatiha
    The position of basmala in every surah of the Qur’an
    If basmala is a complete verse of the Qur’ān
    The rule of basmala in the prayers
    Reciting basmala loudly in the prayer
    The rules of basmala

    Chapter 10: Sufi Tafsīr

    Introduction
    Tustarī and His Work
    His Life and Education
    His Tafsīr
    Methodology in His Tafsīr
    Surah Nasr (Help)
    Tafsīr

    Chapter 11:Modern Tafsīr

    Introduction
    Sayyid Qutb and His Tafsīr
    His Life and Education
    His Tafsīr
    Surah Tabbat (Ruin)
    Tafsīr
    ElmalılıHamdi Yazır and His Tafsīr
    His Life and Education
    His Tafsīr
    Surah Falaq (The Daybreak)
    Tafsīr

    Chapter 12: Modern Tafsīr, Said Nursi, Fethullah Gülen and Their Works

    Said Nursi and His Exegetical Work
    His Life and Education
    His Methodology in Tafsīr
    Commentary on Various Verses
    Fethullah Gülen and His Tafsīr His Life and Education
    His Methodology in Tafsīr
    Commentary Examples
    Bibliography

    .
    Extra Contents
    Preface...................................................................................................................................................................xi
    Chapter 1:
    Introduction to the History of Qur’anic Exegeses
    Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................3
    Concepts of the Exegesis; Tafsīr, Ta’wil and Tarjama................................................................10
    Conditions for the Interpretation of the Qur’ān...........................................................................12
    Primary Sources of Tafsīr ......................................................................................................................14
    1.. The Qur’ān .........................................................................................................................................14
    2..Sunnah ................................................................................................................................................16
    Examples from the Tafsīr of the Prophet (pbuh)...................................................................19
    The Secondary Sources in Tafsīr ........................................................................................................25
    1. Tafsīr by the Companions ...........................................................................................................25
    Examples from the Tafsīr of the Companions..........................................................................27
    2. Tafsīr by the Successors (Tabi’in)............................................................................................31
    Chapter 2:
    Riwāyah Tafsīr (Tradition-Based)
    Introduction ................................................................................................................................................37
    Tabarī and His Methodology in Tafsīr..............................................................................................41
    His Life .....................................................................................................................................................41
    His Teachers and Students...............................................................................................................42
    His Books..................................................................................................................................................42
    His Tafsīr..................................................................................................................................................43
    Surah Fatiha (The Opening)..................................................................................................................46
    Tafsīr .........................................................................................................................................................46
    Chapter 3:
    Riwāyah Tafsīr, Ibn Kathīr and His Tafsīr
    Introduction..................................................................................................................................................65
    Ibn Kathīr and His Methodology in Tafsīr.......................................................................................66
    His Life and Education.......................................................................................................................66
    His Books..................................................................................................................................................67
    His Methodology in Tafsīr.................................................................................................................67
    Surah al-Fīl (The Elephant)...................................................................................................................69
    Tafsīr................................................................................................................................................................69
    Chapter 4:
    Dirāyah Tafsīr (Reason-Based Exegesis)
    Introduction..................................................................................................................................................81
    Fakhr al-Dīn Rāzī and His Tafsīr..........................................................................................................86
    His Life and Education ......................................................................................................................86
    His Tafsīr .................................................................................................................................................87
    Surah Quraysh.............................................................................................................................................91
    Tafsīr .........................................................................................................................................................91
    Chapter 5:
    Dirāyah (Reason-Based) Tafsīr, Qādi Baydāwī and His Tafsīr
    Introduction...............................................................................................................................................109
    Qādi Baydawī and His Tafsīr..............................................................................................................111
    His Life....................................................................................................................................................111
    His Books...............................................................................................................................................112
    His Tafsīr................................................................................................................................................112
    Surah Mā’un (Assistance)....................................................................................................................116
    Tafsīr ......................................................................................................................................................116
    Chapter 6:
    Linguistic Tafsīr, al-Farrā and Ma’an al-Qur’an
    Introduction .............................................................................................................................................127
    Al-Farrā and His Tafsīr Ma’an al-Qur’an.......................................................................................137
    His Life ..................................................................................................................................................137
    His Tafsīr ..............................................................................................................................................138
    Surah Kawthar (Abundant Good)....................................................................................................140
    Tafsīr.......................................................................................................................................................140
    Chapter 7:
    Theological Tafsīr, Imam Māturidī and Ta’wilāt
    Introduction...............................................................................................................................................147
    Imam Māturidī and His Tafsīr ..........................................................................................................148
    His Life ..................................................................................................................................................148
    His Tafsīr, Ta’wilāt al-Qur’ān .......................................................................................................150
    Surah Ikhlas (Purity of Faith)............................................................................................................154
    Tafsīr ......................................................................................................................................................154
    Chapter 8:
    Theological Tafsīr, Zamakhsharī and His Tafsīr
    Introduction .............................................................................................................................................167
    Zamakhsharī and His Tafsīr................................................................................................................169
    His Life and Education....................................................................................................................169
    His Books .............................................................................................................................................170
    His Tafsīr ..............................................................................................................................................171
    Surah Kafirun (The Unbelievers).....................................................................................................175
    Tafsīr ......................................................................................................................................................176
    Chapter 9:
    Juristic Tafsīr, Jassās and His Tafsīr
    Introduction...............................................................................................................................................185
    Jassās and His Tafsīr..............................................................................................................................186
    His Life and Education ...................................................................................................................186
    His Methodology in Tafsīr .............................................................................................................187
    Basmala.......................................................................................................................................................192
    Tafsīr ......................................................................................................................................................192
    The meaning of the pronoun in basmala................................................................................192
    If basmala is from the Qur’ān ......................................................................................................194
    If basmala is a verse of Surah Fatiha........................................................................................195
    The position of basmala in every surah of the Qur’ān .....................................................195
    If basmala is a complete verse of the Qur’ān .......................................................................198
    The rule of basmala in the prayers............................................................................................200
    Reciting basmala loudly in the prayer ....................................................................................201
    The rules of basmala........................................................................................................................203
    Chapter 10:
    Sufi Tafsīr
    Introduction .............................................................................................................................................209
    Tustarī and His Work............................................................................................................................217
    His Life and Education ...................................................................................................................217
    His Tafsīr ..............................................................................................................................................221
    Methodology in His Tafsīr..............................................................................................................221
    Surah Nasr (Help)...................................................................................................................................226
    Tafsīr ......................................................................................................................................................227
    Chapter 11:
    Modern Tafsīr
    Introduction .............................................................................................................................................235
    Sayyid Qutb and His Tafsīr..................................................................................................................240
    His Life and Education ...................................................................................................................240
    His Tafsīr ..............................................................................................................................................241
    Surah Tabbat (Ruin)..............................................................................................................................246
    Tafsīr ......................................................................................................................................................246
    Elmalılı Hamdi Yazır and His Tafsīr................................................................................................252
    His Life and Education....................................................................................................................252
    His Tafsīr ..............................................................................................................................................254
    Surah Falaq (The Daybreak)..............................................................................................................256
    Tafsīr.......................................................................................................................................................257
    Chapter 12:
    Modern Tafsīr, Said Nursi, Fethullah Gülen and Their Works
    Said Nursi and His Exegetical Work...............................................................................................273
    His Life and Education....................................................................................................................273
    His Methodology in Tafsīr .............................................................................................................275
    Commentary on Various Verses.......................................................................................................277
    Fethullah Gülen and His Tafsīr..........................................................................................................283
    His Life and Education ...................................................................................................................283
    His Methodology in Tafsīr..............................................................................................................285
    Commentary Examples.........................................................................................................................290
    Bibliography....................................................................................................................................................297